Blog

Quick Heal Security Labs
A technical analysis of the recent Petya ransomware attack
June 30, 2017

Petya_ransomware_quick_heal

Earlier this week, a new variant of Petya Ransomware was spotted which was creating havoc all over Europe as well as major parts of Asia including India. The major target for Petya has been Ukraine as its major banks and also the power services were hit by the attack.

It’s a new version of the old Petya ransomware which was spotted back in 2016. The new variant seems to have hit the world with a bang and is following the Wannacry propagation technique.

This new version of Petya is more dangerous than other ransomware in a way that it doesn’t just encrypt user’s data, it also encrypts master file table (MFT) & overwrites the Master boot record (MBR). Let’s take a look at the details of this attack.

Petya Ransomware

The ransomware upon execution drops two components. Both the components are present in the resource section of the ransomware binary in a compressed form.

Dropped components

Component Description
c:\windows\dllhost.dat PSEXEC utility from Sysinternals toolkit
%TEMP%\<random name>.tmp Custom built password dumper tool similar as Mimikatz

Fig 1. Dropped components of Petya ransomware

The ransomware acquires required privileges and steals the credentials of active sessions using a custom built password dumper tool similar to Mimikatz.

petya-analysis-1

Fig 2. Acquires required privileges

The first method used for spreading is exploiting the vulnerability reported in MS17-010 security bulletin. The exploit ’ETERNALBLUE’ is fired on unpatched machines. If SMB vulnerability is patched then it uses PSEXEC and WMIC technique as described below for the propagation on the network. It scans the local network for ‘admin$’, shares and copies itself across the network. It also executes the newly copied malware binary remotely using PSEXEC as shown below.

Fig 3. Acquires required privileges

Fig 3. Ransomware propagation using PSEXEC

One more method for remote process execution used by the ransomware is using Windows Management Instrumentation Command-line (WMIC) for executing the ransomware remotely with stolen credentials. The command used for WMIC is shown in the below code snippet.

Fig 4. Ransomware propagation using WMIC

Fig 4. Ransomware propagation using WMIC

Where “%ws” is wide string for the current machine name and the user credentials.

Encryption

The ransomware writes its own malicious code to the master boot record (MBR) and encrypts MFT. Below code snippet shows how it writes to MBR.

Fig 5. Ransomware writes to MBR and encrypts MFT

Fig 5. Ransomware writes to MBR and encrypts MFT

Once MBR is infected, it schedules a restart of the computer after 10 to 60 minutes from current time. For restarting, it uses ‘shutdown.exe’ in combination with service creation or ‘at’ command.

Fig 5. The ransomware schedules a restart of affected system

Fig 6. The ransomware schedules a restart of affected system

Once the affected system restarts, the ransomware displays a CHKDSK message and continues encryption in the background as shown below.

Fig 6. CHKDSK message after restart

Fig 7. CHKDSK message after restart

The ransomware encrypts following types of files present on the system

.3ds .7z .accdb .ai .asp .a spx .avhd .back .bak
.c .cfg .conf .cpp .cs .ctl .dbf .disk .djvu .doc
.docx .dwg .eml .fdb .gz .h .hdd. dbx .mail .mdb
.msg .nrg .ora .ost .ova .ovf .pdf .php .pmf .ppt
.pptx .pst .pvi .py .pyc .rar .rtf .sln .sql .tar
.vbox .vbs .vcb .vdi .vfd .vmc .vmdk .vmsd .vmx .vsdx
.vsv .work .xls .xlsx .xvd .zip

Fig 8. File extension list

The files are encrypted with AES-128 algorithm. One AES key is used to encrypt files of one drive only. The AES-128 key used for file encryption is further encrypted with RSA-2048 encryption algorithm. The public key used for RSA is present in binary itself in base64 encoded form.

Upon the complete execution, the below ransom screen is displayed.

 

Fig 8. Petya ransom screen

Fig 9. Petya ransom screen

Quick Heal Detection

Fig 8. Prompt by Quick Heal Virus Protection

Fig 10. Prompt by Quick Heal Virus Protection

 

Fig 9. Prompt by Quick Heal Behavior Detection System

Fig 11. Prompt by Quick Heal Behavior Detection System

Quick Heal users are protected from the Petya ransomware attack.

Indicators of compromise:

71B6A493388E7D0B40C83CE903BC6B04
E285B6CE047015943E685E6638BD837E
c:\windows\dllhost.dat
c:\windows\perfc.dat

 

 

Also Read

http://blogs.quickheal.com/petya-ransomware-affecting-users-globally-things-can/
http://blogs.quickheal.com/wannacrys-never-say-die-attitude-keeps-going/
http://blogs.quickheal.com/ms17-010-windows-smb-server-exploitation-leads-ransomware-outbreak/
http://blogs.quickheal.com/wannacry-ransomware-creating-havoc-worldwide-exploiting-patched-windows-exploit/

 

 

Acknowledgment

Subject Matter Expert:

  • Prakash Galande
  • Tejas Girme
  • Shriram G. Munde
  • Shantanu A. Vichare.

– Quick Heal Security Labs

SHARE THIS STORY

Have something to add to this story? Share it in the comments.

Quick Heal Security Labs
About Quick Heal Security Labs
Quick Heal Threat Research Labs provides detailed analysis of current malware trends, threats, vulnerabilities and recent cyber-attacks. The Labs’ reports help...
Articles by Quick Heal Security Labs »

No Comments, Be The First!

Your email address will not be published.

CAPTCHA Image